Eyecare Physicians and Surgeons  
     
     
Patient Education
Blepharitis
By JML

Symptoms

Blepharitis is a common chronic disorder of the eyelid margins. The symptoms of blepharitis include redness and irritation of the eyes and eyelids. Patients may also experience dry eyes and episodes of blurry vision.

Causes

Everyone has bacteria present on the surface of their skin. In blepharitis, those bacteria may proliferate and cause inflammation. Greasy scales and the plugging of the glands that produce the oily component of tears may also occur.

Treatment

Warm compresses: Wet a washcloth with warm water and place it over closed eyelids for at least 1 minute. This may be repeated 2 or 3 times a day.

Lid scrubs: Scrub the base of the eyelashes with a warm damp washcloth or commercially available scrub pad.

Lubrication: Over-the-counter artificial tears are frequently helpful. Lubricating drops available by prescription may also be recommended.

Antibiotic drops or ointments are sometimes necessary